http://www.nih.ernet.in/TechnicalPapers[Dam breakandRisk analysis made mandatory fordams] .Dam%20break%20study%20of%20Barna%20dam_NIH_1996-97.pdfhttps://sites.google.com/site/shivajirao32/polavaramdamburst
http://www.cwc.gov.in/main/downloads/Safety%20inspection%20of%20dams.pdf[CWCGuidelines on Dam Safety inspection,Art,8.2
http://188.8.131.52/intranet/DisplacementandRehabilitation.pdf [R and R Act provisions]
http://tshivajirao.blogspot.in/2010/11/polavaram-dam-reconcile-controversies.html [illegalasper contract Act]
[page-12 insists on dam break analysis as per indian standards]
https://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=8353818689632323514#editor/target=post;postID=8077135096799191073;onPublishedMenu=allposts;onClosedMenu=allposts;postNum=84;src=linkhttp://www.nih.ernet.in/TechnicalPapers/Dam%20break%20study%20of%20Barna%20dam_NIH_1996-97.pdf[Dr.K.L.Rao viewson dam burst,Murphy's Law]
http://tshivajirao.blogspot.in/2010/11/dam-breach-flood-routing-for-rock-fill.html [Dam-break analysis,Ramesh]
Director center for environmental studies,
Polavaram as a dam is a killer and illegal one and as barrages is a benign project
Prof. T.Shivaji Rao, Director for Environment, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam, India.
The extract from page 8 of the public works Department of A.P. state on the Inchampalli project dated june 1970, states thus “The last project proposed in the lower Godavari basin is a barrage at polavaram which is about 8 miles below Inchampally dam. The canals of polavaram barrage scheme follow on the same all alignment as envisaged in the Rampadsagar project originally proposed in 1951 to serve the upland area’s in Krishna, west Godavari, East Godavari and vizag districts”.
The Krishna water disputes tribunal report of 1973 devoted chapter V11 for diversion of the Godavari waters to the Krishna and its states that there are possibilities of diverting Godavari near Albaka to pulichintala on Krishna and second link canal from the Godavari at polavaram to prakasam barrage near Vijayawada. The expert committee headed by Dr.A.N. Khosla in (1953) and another expert committee by Gulhatin 1961 confirmed the above proposal to transfer about 300 TMC from Godavari into Krishna. The Godavari- Krishna Technical committee agreed that polavaram barrage as well as Vijayawada barrages would have no storage of their own, and hence other dams at Bhopalapatnam or Watra Badruk storages will release 171 T.M.C. FROM THE Wathra Badruk storage reservoirs to feed polavaram .Thus polavaram is a barrage project was submitted to Bachawat tribunal by the state as a barrage on 7.8.1970 and it was marked as Exhibit- MRG-34 VOLUME APPG-5. Hence the killer polavaram dam must be changed into benign barrages project to avoid submersion of lands and displacements lakhs of tribals in upper states.
Why polavaram dam may become illegal ?What is the solution
Polavaram dam is illegal for several reasons and hence it should be cancelled as per rules and law.Firstly it is based on the Bachawat tribunal award dated April 1980. This award is illegal ,because it is based on a single statement dated 3.4.1980submitted by the legal counsel representing the union ministry of irrigation and power and central water commission, and the statement la l water commission.
Thus the above two sub clauses under clause VI of the Bachawat report are contradictory. And so the award becomes illegal under sections 3,15,16 and 56 of Indian contact Act. Thus the polavaram project becomes illegal and it MAY be stopped. Undersec.23 of the Contract Act,theobject of the agreement is also to build the project by submerging lands,forests,settlements in Orissa and chattisgarh alsoand it injuresmany peole and their property.Further,the agreements involve acts which are impossible to implement. like polavaram dam projectwhich is to be built without submergence in Orissa and chattisgarh.In order to transform this illegal project into a legal one we have to go in for the multiple barrages project which does not involve any large-scale submersion and displacement of lakhs of tribals
Under these unfavourable circumstances the Bachawat tribunal attempted to strike a balance And so under two sub clauses they made contradictions as presented below:
.Under paragraph 80 of their report the Polavaram dam becomes illegal for several reasons and hence it may be cancelled as per rules and law.Firstly it is based on the Bachawat tribunal award dated April 1980. This award is illegal ,because it is based on a single statement dated 3.4.1980submitted by he legal counsel representing the union ministry of irrigation and power and central water commission, and the statement laiddown the 2conditions that the polavaram project shall be cleared by the central water commission,for F.R.L./M.W.L.+150 FT. Again this very statement of 3.4.1980 also puts the condition that the design of polavarm dam and its operation scheduled shall be left to the central water commission
. The above contradictory conditions make the award statement illegal, as per section 56 of the Indian contract act..under This statement also insists that C.W.C. shall design the dam by considering all the agreements dated 2.4.1980 between the states. Again this interstate agreement dated 2.4.1980 between Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Orissa clearly states that only to enable clearance of polavaram project this agreement is made on the conditions that the project spillway shall be designed for a flood capacity of 36 lacks cusecs and other operation conditions. There is no mention that the FRL/MWL for the dam shall be fixed at +150 feet above M.S.L. So this agreement is not precise,meaningful and practically the decision taken seems to be under coersion and so becomes void under Indian contract Act.
that polavaram shall be cleared by CWC.for F.R.L. /M.W.L.+150feet under ONE subsection ,AND UNDER ANOTHER sub-section [2.]The tribunal said that the matter of the design must be left to the central water commission. Such contradiction make our case weak in the eyes of the courts.so kindly look into the matter with all seriousness and consult good people and do good service to Andhras
iddown the condition that the polavaram project shall be cleared by the central water commission,for F.R.L./M.W.L.+150 FT. Again this very statement of 3.4.1980 also puts the condition that the design of polavarm dam and its operation scheduled shall be left to the central water commision.
Such a contradictions and impracticable decitions on the project make it illegal under various sections of the Indian contact Act, particularly when the project is made a national project.