Tuesday, December 1, 2015

Alternate solutions to Mulla periyar dam



Alternative paths to Mullaperiyar dam controversy
Prof. T.|Shivaji Rao,
http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/423/11/11_chapter2.pdf[fisheries report on lake]
Director,center for Environmental studies,
Gitam university , Visakhapatnam.
The Director said that the Mullaperiyar dam did not meet modern safety norms and was under-designed for hydrological safety. If the Mullaperiyar dam collapsed, it will cause not only loss of lives of lakhs of people but also an economic disaster affecting the two States and the nation. Lakhs of acres of agriculture land in Tamil Nadu would become barren for want of water.
In a press statement, Mr, Rao said that the Mullaperiyar dam did not fulfil three goals of public safety, “The first goal is based on the geological foundations, seismic potential and seismicity of the area. The second goal pertains to structural safety of the dam based on maximum credible earthquake including hydrological safety and spillway design flood. The third safety goal for the dam pertains to the environmental safety that comprises on risk analysis, dam break analysis, emergency response, disaster management including emergency evacuation plans and cost benefit analysis. In the case of the 116-year-old Mullaperiyar dam, none of these safety criteria was considered.”
He said that the dam could not withstand the stresses resulting from peak ground accelerations due to a 6.5 magnitude earthquake at a shallow focal depth in close proximity of the dam. Even a strong Koyna dam cracked in some parts in 1969 due to an earthquake of 6.5 magnitude and caused serious damage.
The Mullaperiyar dam was designed for historical maximum flood is 86 lakh cubic feet per second (cusecs) and the design flood for spillway discharge is 1.22 lakh cusecs. However, the extreme flood magnitude in terms of safety works out to 2.44 lakh cusecs based criteria published by the International Commission on Large Dams.
“Since Mullaperiyar dam is thus under-designed both from seismological and hydrological safety aspects this dam is inevitably bound to collapse irrespective of the pronouncements of the engineering experts who could not stop the collapse of more than 40 dam bursts in India including the masonry dams of Tigra in Madhya Pradesh, Kundali in Maharashtra, Chickhole in Karnataka and Kadhakwasla in Maharahstra.”
He said that Tamil Nadu was failing to read the writing on the wall for want of dam safety studies and was indirectly promoting man-made catastrophe like the Bhopal disaster in spite of the forewarnings.
“Since Mullaperiyar dam is a prescription for disaster it must be prevented by the whole nation by exerting pressure on the Prime Minister to resolve the problem by building a new dam even without dismantling the existing dam by forming a corporation on the lines of the one used for building Tehri and Sardar Sarovar Project.” 



 Jayalalitha must realise that just as the recent abnormal range in chennai andTamilnadu have flooded all the streets in Chennai and drowned most ofthe houses due to abnmormal Mullaperiyar dam the old dammay burst and flash floods may kill 35 lakhs of people in Kerala state and simentously the periyar dam will be disabled to supply releave order to Tamilnadu with result that lakhs of Farmers in south Tamilnadu may commit suicides . Hence she must take initiative to solve Mulla periyar dam cotraversy by requesting the prime minister to construct 4 or 5 small dams all along the length of the Mulla periyar river up to the neighbourhood of the existing old Mulla periyar dam . In such a case the flood water touching Mulla periyar dam can be stored at different places upstream and the last block of water storage touching the existing dam will be limited to 5 to 10 T.M.C.only for ensuring the F.R.L. at mulla periyar dam to increase the water supply to Tamilnadu while simentously providing safety to the lives of 30 lakhs people of Kerala . Hence the demand of Kerala state for a new dam can be met as objective of a new dam demanded by Kerala can be met by this new proposal of multiple smaller dams  the catchment of MKulla periyar dam . Let jayalalitha give the option for asn alternative dam demanded by Kerala to be built on the upstream of Idukki dam far below the existing Mulla periyar dam.


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Born in 1932 at Mudinepalli, near Gudivada, Krishna Dist. Andhra Pradesh, received Bachelors degree in Civil Engg., from Viswesaraiah Engineering College, Banglore (1956) and Masters Degree in Environmental Engineering from Rice university, Houston, Texas, (USA) (1962), Ph.D (Hony). Former Head of the Department of Civil Engineering and principal of College of Engineering, Andhra university.Formerly Hony.Professor in Andhra University,Manonmanian Sundarnar University,JNT University. Fellow of the Institution of Engineers,India Recipient of the University Grants Commissions National Award "Swami Pranavananda Award on Ecology and Environmental Sciences" for the year 1991. Recipient of Sivananda Eminent Citizen Award for 2002 by Sanathana Dharma Charitable Trust, Andhra Pradesh state. Presently Working as Director, centre for Environmental Studies, GITAM University, http://www.geocities.com/prof_shivajirao/resume.html http://www.eoearth.org/contributor/Shivaji.rao